The Presence in the
Your online source for information about the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

Friends Christian Renewal
Finding Quakers
Quaker Books & Video
Quaker Art Prints
What's New
Publishing at
Latest Newsletter
About Us
Calendar of Yearly Meetings
Privacy Policy
Facebook logo
on Facebook


Search Bill Samuel's
Web Sites

Except for a few reprinted old documents, articles on this site are copyrighted by the author, and may not be reprinted without permission. You are, however, free to link to any article or page on this site without prior permission although it's nice to know who's linking to us.

Bill Samuel, August 4, 2002
Bill Samuel

Quaker Tour of England, Page 16 of 22
Brigflatts Friends Meeting

[Brigflatts Meetinghouse-outside] [Brigflatts Meetinghouse-inside]
Brigflatts Friends Meetinghouse  photos by Bill Samuel, 24 June 1998

Sedbergh, where Brigflatts Meeting is located, was another place that George Fox visited in 1652. Sedbergh was a flax weaving community. Before Fox came, there was already a group worshipping based on silence, meeting in 15 houses, and marrying themselves (first recorded in 1649). They were being fined for not attending public worship in the established church. Fox tells of his visit in the Journal of George Fox, Chapter VI, A New Era Begins, 1652:

The next day I went to a meeting at Justice Benson's, where I met a people that were separated from the public worship. This was the place I had seen, where a people came forth in white raiment. A large meeting it was, and the people were generally convinced; and they continue still a large meeting of Friends near Sedbergh; which was then first gathered through my ministry in the name of Jesus.

In the same week there was a great fair, at which servants used to be hired; and I declared the day of the Lord through the fair. After I had done so, I went into the steeple-house yard, and many of the people of the fair came thither to me, and abundance of priests and professors. There I declared the everlasting truth of the Lord and the Word of life for several hours, showing that the Lord was come to teach His people Himself, and to bring them off from all the world's ways and teachers, to Christ, the true teacher, and the true way to God. I laid open their teachers, showing that they were like them that were of old condemned by the prophets, and by Christ, and by the apostles. I exhorted the people to come off from the temples made with hands; and wait to receive the Spirit of the Lord, that they might know themselves to be the temples of God.

Not one of the priests had power to open his mouth against what I declared: but at last a captain said, "Why will you not go into the church? this is not a fit place to preach in." I told him I denied their church. Then stood up Francis Howgill, who was preacher to a congregation. He had not seen me before; yet he undertook to answer that captain; and he soon put him to silence. Then said Francis Howgill of me, "This man speaks with authority, and not as the scribes."

After this, I opened to the people that that ground and house were no holier than another place; and that the house is not the Church, but the people, of whom Christ is the head. After awhile the priests came up to me, and I warned them to repent. One of them said I was mad; so they turned away. But many were convinced there that day, who were glad to hear the truth declared, and received it with joy. Amongst these was Captain Ward, who received the truth in the love of it, and lived and died in it.

In 1675, Friends built the Brigflatts Meetinghouse on a cooperative basis. It was originally four walls, dirt floor, no ceiling, and a flagstone roof which needed to have cracks filled in. The flagstone roof symbolized permanence as it couldn't be burned. In 1681, Friends added a wooden floor. They added a ministers' bench in 1710-11, and a gallery system in 1714. The Meeting had a dog pen with a stone floor. In 1715, Friends added a ceiling. Not until 1735-39 were backs put on the benches, despite meetings for worship that usually lasted 3-5 hours in the early days. In 1749, the Meeting added paneling for the quarters of the women's business meeting (Friends had separate men's and women's business meetings). The Meetinghouse today looks like it did in 1749. A little school was built across the lane in 1711.

The Church

You can see from Fox's account that Fox was concerned with the concept of the church. How did Friends see the church?

In the first place, we can say that Fox saw the church as the body of Christ as described in Ephesians (and elsewhere in the New Testament). Thus, it consisted of the believers rather than of institutions. There are always forces at work to corrupt the institutional church. Therefore, one needs to begin anew. Fox was a revolutionary, not a reformer.

Fox grew up in a Puritan environment. However, he rejected some Puritan ideas and transformed others. Some examples:

  • Fox rejected predestination. Christ's death was a pre-condition for salvation, but each person needs to know Christ within.
  • The Puritans spoke of Christ as Prophet, King and Bishop - the "offices of Christ." Fox extended the idea of the offices of Christ almost indefinitely, using about 90 different words to describe these offices. Fox's understanding of a full relationship with Christ was very wide, as opposed to the narrow view of a state church.
Feedback Using My Guestbook     View My Guestbook     Guestbook by GuestWorld
[previous Tour page]

Go to previous Tour page
[next Tour page]

Go to next Tour page

Go directly to a Tour page
1. Tour front page
12. Cartmel
2. Bunhill Fields/Bunhill Meeting
13. Swarthmoor Hall and Meeting
3. Jordans Meeting/Barn/Farmhouse
14. Quaker Tapestry Exhibition at Kendal
4. Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre
15. Lancaster Castle
5. Fenny Drayton
16. Brigflatts Meeting
6. Mancetter Parish Church
17. Firbank Fell
7. Hartshill Meeting
18. York
8. Coventry Cathedral
19. The Retreat Mental Hospital
9. Ironbridge, Coalbrookdale
20. Norwich
10. Crawshawbooth Meeting
21. Earlham Hall
11. Pendle Hill
22. Reflections After the Tour

Big Selection
of Quaker Books

Quaker and general books,
videos and other products.

Recommended Books: see all items
A Living Faith: An Historical and Comparative Study of Quaker Beliefs
Cover imageWilmer Cooper, founding Dean of Earlham School of Religion, provides an historical look at the beliefs of Friends (Quakers). Includes study questions.
Prayer: Finding the Heart's True Home
Cover imageRichard J. Foster. Describes 21 types of Christian prayer. Harper San Francisco, 1992. 288 pages.
Journal of George Fox
Cover imageThe auto- biography of the founder of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
Celebration of Discipline
Cover image20th Anniversary Edition of Richard J. Foster's million- selling work on Christian spiritual disciplines.
Imagination & Spirit: A Contemporary Quaker Reader
Cover imageA selection of excerpts from 15 contemporary Quaker authors who reached the mainstream market. See review.

Recommended Art Print: see all prints

The Peaceable Kingdom
by Edward Hicks
29 in. x 23 in.

List of Articles . About Us . Home . Quaker Books . Quaker Art Prints
Document last modified on Friday, 25-Oct-2002 21:45:45 EDT